|Years in rail transport|
|Timeline of railway history|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1901.
- January 3 – The St. Louis Southwestern Railway purchases the Stuttgart and Arkansas River Railroad in Arkansas.
- February – The Canadian Locomotive Company is formed from the assets of the bankrupt Canadian Locomotive and Engine Company.
- February 2 – The body of Queen Victoria is conveyed by the London & South Western, London, Brighton & South Coast and Great Western Railways from Gosport via London to Windsor, England for her funeral.
- April 1 – The West Highland Railway's Mallaig Extension Railway, operated by the North British Railway, is opened throughout to Mallaig on the west coast of Scotland.
- April 1 – Atlantic Coast Line Railroad acquires the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad in North Carolina.
- April 11 – The Ōu South Line in Japan opens between Yonezawa and Yamagata.
- May 27 – Sanyo Railroad Line, Kobe to Bakan (Shimonoseki Station renamed from June 1902) route officially completed in Japan (as predecessor of JR Sanyo Line).
- June – First section of Gold Coast Railway (3 ft 6 in gauge) opens from Sekondi on the Gulf of Guinea to the gold mining district of Tarkwa.
- June 14 – The Atlantic City Railroad (predecessor of the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines) is incorporated from the merger of the Camden County Railroad, Ocean City Railroad and Seacoast Railroad.
- June 24 – The American Locomotive Company (ALCO) is formed through the merger of eight smaller American steam locomotive manufacturers.
- July 25 – The Hull Electric Railway officially begins regular service over the Interprovincial Bridge between Ottawa and Aylmer, Quebec.
- September 17 – Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF), having purchased the Santa Fe and Grand Canyon Railway and renamed it to the Grand Canyon Railway, begins to operate a passenger train service over its new subsidiary railroad between Williams, Arizona, and the south rim of the Grand Canyon as a destination for ATSF's customers.
- October 8 – First experimental high-speed test of electric traction using three-phase power at 10 kV/50 Hz frequency on the Royal Prussian Military Railway.
- October 13 – The London and South Western Railway in England completes experimental installation at Grateley on its West of England main line of automatic semaphore signals controlled by track circuits and pneumatics, the first such scheme in the United Kingdom.
- November – Official start of traffic on Chinese Eastern Railway.
- November 7 – Memphis, Helena and Louisiana Railroad, a predecessor of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railroad, is organized in Arkansas.
- November 12 – The Pacific Electric Railway is incorporated in California.
- December 2 – The Chicago and Indiana Air Line Railway is incorporated.
- December 3 – The 3.5-kilometre (2.2 mi) first part of the Trondheim Tramway in Trondheim, Norway is opened.
- December 12 – Pennsylvania Railroad president Alexander Cassatt announces the railroad's plan to enter New York City – to tunnel under the Hudson River and to build a grand station on the West Side of Manhattan, a station that would become Pennsylvania Station.
- December 17 – The first section of the metre gauge Montreux–Oberland Bernois railway in Switzerland is opened from Montreux to Les Avants (10.9 km or 6.8 mi).
- December 21 – "Last spike" ceremony for the Uganda Railway (metre gauge), completed from Mombasa to Port Florence (Kisumu) on the shore of Lake Victoria.
- December 24 – The New Zealand Government Railways become the first major railway to place a 4-6-2 steam locomotive into service, having ordered thirteen Q class from the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia.
Unknown date events
- E. H. Harriman succeeds Charles Melville Hays as president of the Southern Pacific Company, parent company of the Southern Pacific Railroad.
- Jacob S. Rogers, still the primary shareholder, closes Rogers Locomotive Company, but then reopens the company as Rogers Locomotive Works after the ALCO merger.
- American Car and Foundry (ACF) acquires Jackson and Sharp Company and Common Sense Bolster Company.
- George Frederick Baer becomes president of Reading Company.
- The Lake Shore Electric Railway is formed through the merger of the Lorain and Cleveland Railway, Sandusky and Interurban Railway and Toledo, Fremont and Norwalk Railway.
- January 6 – Philip Armour, founder of Armour and Company meatpackers and subsidiary Armour Refrigerator Line refrigerator car operators (born 1832).
- February 9 – Fred Harvey (entrepreneur), who founded the Harvey House chain of restaurants and hotels to serve passengers of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (born 1835).
- February 18 – Egide Walschaerts, Belgian inventor of a steam locomotive valve gear (born 1820).
- April 13 – Edward Watkin, Chairman of several English railway companies, most notably the South Eastern Railway and the Great Central Railway (born 1819).
Unknown date deaths
- Beck, Wayne. Cotton Belt News (1957). "The History of the St. Louis Southwestern Railway". Archived from the original on October 18, 2009. Retrieved August 6, 2005.
- Keat, Peter J. (2001). Goodbye to Victoria, the Last Queen Empress – the story of Queen Victoria's funeral train. Usk: Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-569-9.
- The Wuppertal Suspension Railway. Lübeck: Schöning. 2009. p. 27. ISBN 978-3-89917-448-9.
- Thomas, John (1965). The West Highland Railway. Dawlish: David & Charles. ISBN 978-0-946537-22-8.
- "Erie Railroad presidents". Archived from the original on March 18, 2005. Retrieved March 15, 2005.
- ja:山陽本線#歴史#年表#山陽鉄道 (Japanese language ) Retrieved January 13, 2017.
- "Significant dates in Ottawa/Hull street and light railway history". December 3, 2004. Archived from the original on August 16, 2005. Retrieved July 22, 2005.
- "History of the Geelong–Queenscliff Railway". Archived from the original on April 10, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2005.
- Bianchi, Curt (May 1995). "By steam to the Grand Canyon". Trains: 38–45.
- Nisbet, Alistair F. (2021). "Express Electric Railways". BackTrack. 35: 297–301.
- Pryer, G. A. (1977). A pictorial record of Southern Signals. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-902888-81-4.
- Kichenside, Geoffrey; Williams, Alan (1998). Two centuries of Railway Signalling. Sparkford: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-541-4.
- Left, Sarah (January 15, 2002). "Key dates in Britain's railway history". The Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
- Missouri Pacific Historical Society (2005). "St. Louis Iron Mountain & Southern (SLIMS)". Archived from the original on October 1, 2005. Retrieved November 7, 2005.
- Walker, Jim (2006). Images of Rail: Pacific Electric Red Cars. Arcadia Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7385-4688-9.
- "South Shore Railroad history". Chicago Post-Tribune. June 29, 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2008.[dead link]
- Aspenberg, Nils Carl (1995). På meterspor i Nidaros. Oslo: Baneforlaget. p. 6.
- Miller, Charles (1971). The Lunatic Express. New York: Macdonald. ISBN 978-0-02-584940-2.
- Balkwill, Richard; Marshall, John (1993). The Guinness Book of Railway Facts and Feats (6th ed.). Enfield: Guinness Publishing. ISBN 978-0-85112-707-1.
- "Q Class 4–6-2 Register". TrainWeb. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
- Marshall, John (2003). Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers (2nd ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-901461-22-3.